Deployment with Apache and mod_wsgi

This documentation assumes you have Apache already installed on your system. If you do not, install Apache 2.X for your platform in whatever manner makes sense.

This section assumes you have read Deployment Environment.

Installing mod_wsgi

Once Apache is installed, we are going to install mod_wsgi. First of all, we need the Apache development package:

$ sudo aptitude install apache2-dev

Then, run the following command to put mod_wsgi into your virtual environment:

(virtualenv)$ pip install mod_wsgi

To verify that the installation was successful, run the mod_wsgi-express script with the start-server command:

(virtualenv)$ mod_wsgi-express start-server

Creating WSGI script

Within the PubliForge directory of pfinstance user home directory (e.g. /home/pfinstance/PubliForge), create a script named pfinstance.wsgi with the following content:

from os import environ
from pyramid.paster import get_app, setup_logging

environ['VIRTUAL_ENV'] = '/usr/local/virtualenv'
environ['HGENCODING'] = 'utf-8'
ini_path = '/home/pfinstance/PubliForge/pfinstance.ini'
application = get_app(ini_path, 'main')

Configuring Apache

Configuring Default Locale

You need an UTF-8 environment for Apache. To do so, edit /etc/apache2/envvars file and uncomment the following line:

## Uncomment the following line to use the system default locale instead:
. /etc/default/locale

Of course, your system default locale must be UTF-8 as explained in Deployment Environment.

Activating WSGI Module

To activate the WSGI module, you need to create inside the /etc/apache2/mods-available directory the two following files.


<IfModule mod_wsgi.c>
    WSGIPythonHome '/usr/local/virtualenv'
    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
    WSGIPassAuthorization On


LoadModule wsgi_module /usr/local/virtualenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/mod_wsgi/server/

Then, enable it:

$ sudo a2enmod wsgi
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Creating the New Site

Now, in /etc/apache2/sites-available, create a pfinstance.conf file with the following content:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    CustomLog  ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access_pfinstance.log combined

    KeepAlive Off

    Alias /Static/     /usr/local/virtualenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PubliForge-2.3.0-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/publiforge/Static/
    Alias /robots.txt  /usr/local/virtualenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PubliForge-2.3.0-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/publiforge/Static/robots.txt
    Alias /favicon.ico /usr/local/virtualenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PubliForge-2.3.0-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/publiforge/Static/favicon.ico
    <Directory /usr/local/virtualenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PubliForge-2.3.0-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/publiforge/Static>
      Require all granted

    WSGIDaemonProcess pfinstance \
       user=pfinstance group=pfinstance \
       python-path=/usr/local/virtualenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages \
       python-eggs=/home/pfinstance/PubliForge/Cache/Tmp \
       processes=1 \
       threads=15 \
       maximum-requests=5000 \
       listen-backlog=100 \
       queue-timeout=45 \
       socket-timeout=60 \
       connect-timeout=15 \
       request-timeout=60 \
       inactivity-timeout=0 \
       deadlock-timeout=60 \
       graceful-timeout=15 \
       eviction-timeout=0 \
       shutdown-timeout=5 \
       send-buffer-size=0 \
       receive-buffer-size=0 \
       header-buffer-size=0 \
       response-buffer-size=0 \
    WSGIScriptAlias / /home/pfinstance/PubliForge/pfinstance.wsgi

    <Directory /home/pfinstance/PubliForge>
      WSGIProcessGroup pfinstance
      Require all granted

<VirtualHost *:80>
    Redirect permanent /

The Alias /Static block will greatly improve performance because requests for this content (images, CSS, JavaScript, robots.txt and favicon.ico) will not need to be proxied to PubliForge application and can be served directly. Correct the path according to your environment.

Finally, activate this configuration and reload Apache:

$ sudo a2ensite pfinstance.conf
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2.service